GST Circular No 147/2021 | CBIC issued clarifications on refund related issues

GST Circular No 147/2021

Clarification 1

Certain supplies of goods have been notified as deemed exports vide notification No. 48/2017-Central Tax. Further, the third proviso to rule 89(1) of the CGST Rules allows either the recipient or the supplier to apply for a refund of tax paid on such deemed export supplies. In case such refund is sought by the supplier of deemed export supplies, the documentary evidence as specified in notification No. 49/2017- Central Tax dated 18.10.2017 are also required to be furnished which includes an undertaking that the recipient of deemed export supplies shall not claim the refund in respect of such supplies and shall not avail any input tax credit on such supplies. Similarly, in case the refund is filed by the recipient of deemed export supplies, an undertaking shall have to be furnished by him stating that refund has been claimed only for those invoices which have been detailed in statement 5B for the tax period for which refund is being claimed and the amount does not exceed the amount of input tax credit availed in the valid return filed for the said tax period. The recipient shall also be required to declare that the supplier has not claimed a refund with respect to the said supplies. The procedure regarding the procurement of supplies of goods from DTA by Export Oriented Unit (EOU) / Electronic Hardware Technology Park (EHTP) Unit / Software Technology Park (STP) Unit / Bio-Technology Parks (BTP) Unit under deemed export as laid down in Circular No. 14/14/2017-GST dated 06.11.2017 needs to be complied with

Clarification 2 :
Para 26 of Circular No. 125/44/2019-GST dated 18th November 2019 gave a clarification in relation to cases where taxpayers had inadvertently entered the details of export of services or zero-rated supplies to a Special Economic Zone Unit/Developer in table 3.1(a) instead of table 3.1(b) of FORM GSTR-3B of the 01.07.2017 to 30.06.2019 and were unable to claim refund of the integrated tax paid on the same through FORM GST RFD-01A. This was because of a validation check placed on the common portal which prevented the value of refund of integrated tax/cess in FORM GST RFD-01A from being more than the amount of integrated tax/cess declared in table 3.1(b) of FORM GSTR-3B. The said Circular clarified that for the tax periods from 01.07.2017 to 30.06.2019, such registered persons shall be allowed to file the refund application in FORM GST RFD-01A on the common portal subject to the condition that the amount of refund of integrated tax/cess claimed shall not be more than the aggregate amount of integrated tax/cess mentioned in the tables 3.1(a), 3.1(b) and 3.1(c) of FORM GSTR-3B filed for the corresponding tax period.

On the same condition as stated above It is clarified that for the tax periods commencing from 01.07.2017 to 31.03.2021 instead of 30.06.2019 such registered persons shall be allowed to file the refund
application in FORM GST RFD-01 on the common

Claritifcaion 3:
Sub-rule (4) of Rule 89 prescribes the formula for computing the refund of unutilisedITC payable on account of zero-rated supplies made without payment of tax. The formula prescribed under Rule 89 (4) is reproduced below, as under:
“Refund Amount = (Turnover of zero-rated supply of goods + Turnover of zero-rated supply of services) x Net ITC ÷Adjusted Total Turnover”

“Adjusted Total Turnover” means the sum total of the value of-
(a) the turnover in a State or a Union territory, as defined under clause (112) of section 2, excluding the turnover of services; and

(b) the turnover of zero-rated supply of services determined in terms of clause

(c) above and non-zero-rated supply of services,

(i) the value of exempt supplies other than zero-rated supplies; and
(ii) the turnover of supplies in respect of which refund is claimed under sub-rule (4A) or sub-rule (4B) or both, if any, during the relevant period.’

“Turnover in state or turnover in Union territory” as referred to in the definition of “Adjusted Total Turnover” in Rule 89 (4) has been defined under sub-section (112) of Section
2 of CGST Act 2017, as:

“Turnover in State or turnover in Union territory” means the aggregate value of all
taxable supplies (excluding the value of inward supplies on which tax is payable by a person on reverse charge basis) and exempt supplies made within a State or Union territory by a taxable person, exports of goods or services or both and inter State supplies of goods or services or both made from the State or Union territory by the said taxable person but excludes central tax, State tax, Union territory tax, integrated tax and cess”

From the examination of the above provisions, it is noticed that “Adjusted Total Turnover” includes “Turnover in a State or Union Territory”, as defined in Section 2(112) of CGST Act. As per Section 2(112), “Turnover in a State or Union Territory” includes turnover/ value of export/ zero-rated supplies of goods. The definition of “Turnover of zero-rated supply of goods” has been amended vide Notification No.16/2020-Central Tax dated 23.03.2020, as detailed above. In view of the above, it can be stated that the same value of zero-rated/ export supply of goods, as calculated as per amended definition of “Turnover of zero-rated supply of goods”, need to be taken into consideration while calculating “turnover in a state or a union territory”, and accordingly, in “adjusted total turnover” for the purpose of sub-rule (4) of Rule

Thus, the restriction of 150% of the value of like goods domestically supplied, as appliedin “turnover of zero-rated supply of goods”, would also apply to the value of “Adjusted Total Turnover” in Rule 89 (4) of the CGST Rules, 2017.

Accordingly, it is clarified that for the purpose of Rule 89(4), the value of export/ zerorated supply of goods to be included while calculating “adjusted total turnover” will be same as being determined as per the amended definition of “Turnover of zero-rated supply of goods” in the said sub-rule. The same can explained by the following illustration where actual value per unit of goods exported is more than 1.5 times the value of same/ similar goods in domestic market, as declared by the supplier

Samaira Tolani

Samaira Tolani is a Chartered Accountant with 4 years of experience in Compliance and Financial Reporting. She is a GST expert, currently working with IRIS as GST Consultant . Before this, she was part of compliance team of Blue Star, Piramal Pharma and Novartis. A diploma holder in IFRS with ACCA, she loves listening to music, travelling and reading fiction.

There is 1 comment on this post
  1. Medepati Ajith Kumar Reddy
    March 13, 2021, 11:05 am

    How can we calculate Turnover in case of 100% Zero rated Supplies to SEZ for Engineering goods which is not available in domestic market

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