The 52nd GST Council Meeting, led by Union Minister for Finance & Corporate Affairs, Smt. Nirmala Sitharaman, took place on October 7, 2023 in New Delhi. The meeting saw the participation of Union Minister of State for Finance, Shri Pankaj Chaudhary, Chief Ministers of Goa and Meghalaya (who also handle finance portfolios), Finance Ministers from various states and union territories with legislative powers, and senior officials from the Ministry of Finance and respective states/union territories. In this article, we’ll highlight the key highlights from the 52nd GST council meeting.
The changes are in 3 major categories:
A) Recommendations relating to GST rates on goods and services
B) Measures for facilitation of Trade
C) Other measures pertaining to law and procedure
A) Recommendations relating to GST rates on goods and services
I. Changes in GST rates of goods
1. GST rates on “Food preparation of millet flour in powder form, containing at least 70% millets by weight”, falling under HS 1901, with effect from date of notification, have been prescribed as:
- 0% if sold in other than pre-packaged and labelled form
- 5% if sold in pre-packaged and labelled form
2. To clarify that imitation zari thread or yarn made out of metallised polyester film /plastic film, falling under HS 5605, are covered by the entry for imitation zari thread or yarn attracting 5% GST rate. However, no refund will be allowed on polyester film (metallised) /plastic film on account of inversion.
3. Foreign going vessels are liable to pay 5% IGST on the value of the vessel if it converts to coastal run. GST Council recommends conditional IGST exemption to foreign flag foreign going vessel when it converts to coastal run subject to its reconversion to foreign going vessel in six months.
II. Other changes relating to Goods
- GST Council recommended to keep Extra Neutral Alcohol (ENA) used for manufacture of alcoholic liquor for human consumption outside GST. Law Committee will examine suitable amendment in law to exclude ENA for use in manufacture of alcoholic liquors for human consumption from ambit of GST.
- To reduce GST on molasses from 28% to 5%. This step will increase liquidity with mills and enable faster clearance of cane dues to sugarcane farmers. This will also lead to reduction in cost for manufacture of cattle feed as molasses is also an ingredient in its manufacture.
- A separate tariff HS code has been created at 8 digit level in the Customs Tariff Act to cover rectified spirit for industrial use. The GST rate notification will be amended to create an entry for ENA for industrial use attracting 18% GST.
III. Changes in GST rates of services
- Entries at Sl. No. 3 and 3A of notification No. 12/2017-CTR dated 28.06.2017 exempts pure and composite services provided to Central/State/UT governments and local authorities in relation to any function entrusted to Panchayat/ Municipality under Article 243G and 243W of the Constitution of India. The GST Council has recommended to retain the existing exemption entries with no change.
- Further, the GST Council has also recommended to exempt services of water supply, public health, sanitation conservancy, solid waste management and slum improvement and upgradation supplied to Governmental Authorities.
IV. Other changes relating to Services
- To clarify that job work services for processing of barley into malt attracts GST @ 5% as applicable to “job work in relation to food and food products” and not 18%.
- With effect from 1st January 2022, liability to pay GST on bus transportation services supplied through Electronic Commerce Operators (ECOs) has been placed on the ECO under section 9(5) of CGST Act, 2017. This trade facilitation measure was taken on the representation of industry association that most of the bus operators supplying service through ECO owned one or two buses and were not in a position to take registration and meet GST compliances. To arrive at a balance between the need of small operators for ease of doing business and the need of large organized players to take ITC, GST Council has recommended that bus operators organized as companies may be excluded from the purview of section 9(5) of CGST Act, 2017. This would enable them to pay GST on their supplies using their ITC.
- To clarify that District Mineral Foundations Trusts (DMFT) set up by the State Governments across the country in mineral mining areas are Governmental Authorities and thus eligible for the same exemptions from GST as available to any other Governmental Authority.
- Supply of all goods and services by Indian Railways shall be taxed under Forward Charge Mechanism to enable them to avail ITC. This will reduce the cost for Indian Railways.
B) Measures for facilitation of Trade
I) Amnesty Scheme for filing of appeals against demand orders in cases where appeal could not be filed within the allowable time period:
The Council has recommended providing an amnesty scheme through a special procedure under section 148 of CGST Act, 2017 for taxable persons, who could not file an appeal under section 107 of the said Act, against the demand order under section 73 or 74 of CGST Act, 2017 passed on or before the 31st day of March, 2023, or whose appeal against the said order was rejected solely on the grounds that the said appeal was not filed within the time period specified in sub-section (1) of section 107. In all such cases, filing of appeal by the taxpayers will be allowed against such orders upto 31st January 2024, subject to the condition of payment of an amount of pre-deposit of 12.5% of the tax under dispute, out of which at least 20% (i.e. 2.5% of the tax under dispute) should be debited from Electronic Cash Ledger. This will facilitate a large number of taxpayers, who could not file appeal in the past within the specified time period.
II) Clarifications regarding taxability of personal guarantee offered by directors to the bank against the credit limits/loans being sanctioned to the company and regarding taxability of corporate guarantee provided for related persons including corporate guarantee provided by holding company to its subsidiary company: The Council has inter alia recommended to:
(a) issue a circular clarifying that when no consideration is paid by the company to the director in any form, directly or indirectly, for providing personal guarantee to the bank/ financial institutes on their behalf, the open market value of the said transaction/ supply may be treated as zero and hence, no tax to be payable in respect of such supply of services.
(b) to insert sub-rule (2) in Rule 28 of CGST Rules, 2017, to provide for taxable value of supply of corporate guarantee provided between related parties as one per cent of the amount of such guarantee offered, or the actual consideration, whichever is higher.
(c) to clarify through the circular that after the insertion of the said sub-rule, the value of such supply of services of corporate guarantee provided between related parties would be governed by the proposed sub-rule (2) of rule 28 of CGST Rules, 2017, irrespective of whether full ITC is available to the recipient of services or not.
III) Provision for automatic restoration of provisionally attached property after completion of one year: The Council has recommended an amendment in sub-rule (2) of Rule 159 of CGST Rules, 2017 and FORM GST DRC-22 to provide that the order for provisional attachment in FORM GST DRC-22 shall not be valid after expiry of one year from the date of the said order. This will facilitate release of provisionally attached properties after expiry of period of one year, without need for separate specific written order from the Commissioner.
IV) Clarification on various issues related to Place of Supply: The Council has recommended to issue a Circular to clarify the place of supply in respect of the following supply of services:
(i) Supply of service of transportation of goods, including by mail or courier, in cases where the location of supplier or the location of recipient of services is outside India;
(ii) Supply of advertising services;
(iii) Supply of the co-location services.
V) Issuance of clarification relating to export of services-: The Council has recommended to issue a circular to clarify the admissibility of export remittances received in Special INR Vostro account, as permitted by RBI, for the purpose of consideration of supply of services to qualify as export of services in terms of the provisions of sub-clause (iv) of clause (6) of section 2 of the IGST Act, 2017.
VI) Allowing supplies to SEZ units/ developer for authorized operations for IGST refund route by amendment in Notification 01/2023-Integrated Tax dated 31.07.2023: The Council has recommended to amend Notification No. 1/2023-Integrated Tax dated 31.07.2023 w.e.f. 01.10.2023 so as to allow the suppliers to a Special Economic Zone developer or a Special Economic Zone unit for authorized operations to make supply of goods or services (except the commodities like pan masala, tobacco, gutkha, etc. mentioned in the Notification No. 1/2023-Integrated Tax dated 31.07.2023) to the Special Economic Zone developer or the Special Economic Zone unit for authorized operations on payment of integrated tax and claim the refund of tax so paid.
C) Other measures pertaining to law and procedure
I) Alignment of provisions of the CGST Act, 2017 with the provisions of the Tribunal Reforms Act, 2021 in respect of Appointment of President and Member of the proposed GST Appellate Tribunals: The Council has recommended amendments in section 110 of the CGST Act, 2017 to provide that:
- an advocate for ten years with substantial experience in litigation under indirect tax laws in the Appellate Tribunal, Central Excise and Service Tax Tribunal, State VAT Tribunals, by whatever name called, High Court or Supreme Court to be eligible for the appointment as judicial member;
- the minimum age for eligibility for appointment as President and Member to be 50 years;
- President and Members shall have tenure up to a maximum age of 70 years and 67 years respectively.
II) Law amendment with respect to ISD as recommended by the GST Council in its 50th meeting: GST Council in its 50th meeting had recommended that ISD (Input Service Distributor) procedure as laid down in Section 20 of the CGST Act, 2017 may be made mandatory prospectively for distribution of ITC in respect of input services procured by Head Office (HO) from a third party but attributable to both HO and Branch Office (BO) or exclusively to one or more BOs. The Council has now recommended amendments in Section 2(61) and section 20 of CGST Act, 2017 as well amendment in rule 39 of CGST Rules, 2017 in respect of the same.
Note: The recommendations of the GST Council have been presented in this release containing major item of decisions in simple language for information of the stakeholders. The same would be given effect through the relevant circulars/ notifications/ law amendments which alone shall have the force of law.
Watch the full 52nd GST Council Meeting here:
52nd GST Council Meeting: Expectations
The GST Council is gearing up for its 52nd GST Council Meeting, scheduled for October 7, 2023, in New Delhi. This meeting holds immense significance as it plays a pivotal role in shaping India’s indirect-tax landscape. One of the key agenda items anticipated for the 52nd GST council meeting is to review the progress made by various states in implementing amendments to the State Goods and Services Tax (SGST) law.
The recent developments leading up to this meeting revolve around amendments aimed at bringing clarity to the taxation of online gaming, casinos, and horse race clubs. During the 51st GST council meeting, amendments to the Central GST (CGST) and Integrated GST (IGST) laws were approved, particularly focusing on the levy of a 28% tax on the full-face value of bets in these sectors.
One of the notable amendments is the mandatory registration requirement for offshore e-gaming companies operating in India. Additionally, the law grants authorities the power to block access to offshore platforms that fail to comply with GST registration and taxation norms. These measures are designed to ensure that the gaming and betting industry operates within the framework of the GST laws, enhancing transparency and accountability.
The responsibility to make similar changes in their respective SGST laws now lies with the states. The deadline for all states to implement these amended provisions is October 1, 2023. As this deadline approaches, GST authorities have initiated action by sending show-cause notices to online gaming companies and casino operators, ensuring that they adhere to the new regulations.
The CGST amendment provides a clear definition of ‘online gaming’ as any game conducted over the internet or an electronic network. This definition has far-reaching implications as it brings various forms of online entertainment under the purview of GST regulations.
Furthermore, these amendments categorize horse racing, casinos, and online money gaming as actionable claims, aligning them with the taxation principles governing lottery, betting, and gambling. These changes are driven by the objective of combating money laundering, illegal income, and the circulation of black money within these sectors.
In conclusion, the 52nd GST council meeting promises to be a significant event with a focus on reviewing the implementation of crucial amendments. The recent changes regarding the taxation of online gaming, casinos, and horse race clubs are pivotal in aligning these sectors with GST regulations. As the gaming industry continues to expand, it becomes imperative to address taxation issues effectively and ensure compliance for the benefit of both the government and the industry itself.
With October 1 as the deadline for states to implement these amendments, the outcome of the 52nd GST Council meeting will have a far-reaching impact on the future of taxation in these sectors, contributing to the larger goal of fostering transparency and accountability in India’s tax regime.
We will update this page with the highlights of the upcoming 52nd GST Council Meeting soon. So, stay tuned!
You can find the highlights of the past GST council meetings here –
- 51st GST Council Meeting
- 50th GST Council Meeting
- 49th GST Council Meeting
- 48th GST Council Meeting
- 47th GST Council Meeting
- 46th GST Council Meeting
- 45th GST Council Meeting
- 44th GST Council Meeting
- 43rd GST Council Meeting
- 42nd GST Council Meeting
- 41st GST Council Meeting
- 40th GST Council Meeting
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