Rule 46 (b) of the CGST Rules 2017 suggests that a tax invoice should have 16 character alpha-numeric invoice number which is unique for a financial year. This draws attention, now that we are entering the new Financial Year, 2023-2024. It is important that we start fresh Invoice Number Series for the new fiscal year.
GST Advisory on Invoice Number Series
GSTN had issued an advisory in this regard on 4th April 2019, as per the GST advisory, “Rule 46 (b) of the CGST Rules 2017 specifies that the tax invoice issued by a registered person should have a consecutive serial number, not exceeding sixteen characters, in one or multiple series, containing alphabets or numerals or special characters – hyphen or dash and slash symbolized as “-” and “/” respectively, and any combination thereof, unique for a financial year.
Implication of GST Advisory on Invoice Number
This rule implies that with the start of new financial year 2022-23 (w.e.f. 01/04/2022), GST taxpayers should start a new invoice series, unique for the financial year. Similar provision is there in Rule 49 of the CGST Rules 2017, in respect of issue of Bill of Supply by registered taxpayers availing Composition Scheme or supplying exempted goods or services or both.
If the provisions of Rule 46 or Rule 49 are not adhered to, apart from being a compliance issue, taxpayers may face problem while generating E-way Bill on E-way bill system or furnishing their Form GSTR 1 or for applying for refund on GST Portal. It is therefore necessary that suitable modification may be made by the taxpayers in this regard in their invoices or bill of supply, to avoid any inconvenience in the future.
Rule 46 of the CGST Rules 2017
The CHAPTER VI of the CGST Rules 2017 deals with the TAX INVOICE, CREDIT AND DEBIT NOTES preparation rules. Rule 46 under the same suggests that a registered person should issue a tax invoice containing the following particulars, namely,-
- Name, address and Goods and Services Tax Identification Number of the supplier;
- A consecutive serial number not exceeding sixteen characters, in one or multiple series, containing alphabets or numerals or special characters hyphen or dash and slash symbolized as “-” and “/” respectively, and any combination thereof, unique for a financial year;
- Date of its issue;
- Name, address and Goods and Services Tax Identification Number or Unique Identity Number, if registered, of the recipient;
- Harmonized System of Nomenclature code for goods or services;
- Name and address of the recipient and the address of delivery, along with the name of the State and its code, if such recipient is un-registered and where the value of the taxable supply is fifty thousand rupees or more;
- Description of goods or services;
- Name and address of the recipient and the address of delivery, along with the name of the State and its code, if such recipient is un-registered and where the value of the taxable supply is less than fifty thousand rupees and the recipient requests that such details be recorded in the tax invoice;
- Quantity in case of goods and unit or Unique Quantity Code thereof;
- Total value of supply of goods or services or both;
- Taxable value of the supply of goods or services or both taking into account discount or abatement, if any;
- Rate of tax (central tax, State tax, integrated tax, Union territory tax or cess);
- Amount of tax charged in respect of taxable goods or services (central tax, State tax, integrated tax, Union territory tax or cess);
- Place of supply along with the name of the State, in the case of a supply in the course of inter-State trade or commerce;
- Address of delivery where the same is different from the place of supply;
- Whether the tax is payable on reverse charge basis; and
- Signature or digital signature of the supplier or his authorized representative:
Importance of Resetting Invoice Number Series
This is important considering the fact that the entire GST system is based on the invoice number. The invoice number is the unique code for every transaction happening in the business. Also, the uniqueness has to be there to identify transactions for a particular Financial Year as well. Hence, it is advisable to reset your invoice numbers. This will help to have invoice numbers unique to the financial year.
Best software to reconcile GST data faster and ensure 100% compliance – IRIS GST Software
As a registered taxpayer, reconciling your purchase invoices with the supplier-uploaded invoices on the GST system is a critical activity as it determines your ITC claim. Further, the Government issues legal notices to taxpayers for discrepancies in the ITC claimed in GSTR 3B and the amount as per supplier uploaded details. Our Smart Reconciliation comes in handy for managing reconciliation tasks in a timely, efficient and easy manner.
1. Bulk Data upload facility – It will help you to upload data for multiple GSTINs in one go
2. 2P Summary – Provides a summary of uploaded data. You can quickly check your uploaded data with the count of invoices getting considered for reconciliation
3. Bulk download of GSTR 2A / 2B– For multiple periods, you can send request in one go
4. Smart reconciliation – It auto-runs on your data and provides you the reconciliation results with summary
5. Monthly reconciliation results – Helps you to decide monthly ITC and how much you can claim as provisional ITC
6. Net vendor summary – It gives you a glance reconciliation status for each vendor
7. PAN level reports and GSTIN level reports – It will help you to analyse in detail of your purchaser-only and supplier-only invoices Send Mail – By using this feature you can easily communicate discrepancies to your vendor
8. Advanced reconciliation – It helps you to extend the scope of comparison between data that is in the supplier-only and purchaser-only category. Some rules that help in better reconciliation are:
- Checking invoices across the financial years
- Fuzzy invoice no. logic
- Checking exact values ignoring invoice number
- Checking invoices within the tolerance provided by you
has u change bill series other then main services.
last i started a business started tax invoice bill from 1 ,2 and 3 etc ,,but this month i purchased software for invoice billing and i started invoicing as aa-1,aa-2 and etc ..,is there any problem
The rule implies that with the start of new financial year 2019-20 (w.e.f. 01/04/2019), a new invoice series, unique for the financial year is to be started by the GST taxpayers. This new series shall not be problem. You can start new series during the year as well
It is your choice to how to maintain bill no. series.
Basic requirement is every invoice should have unique no.
And as per best business practice, a new financial year with a new invoice series, unique for the financial year is to be started by the GST taxpayers
For e.g bill no 510 is for 31 march 2020 can we continue from 511 from next financial year i.e 511
Yes sir you may very well continue with the series
Since, The consecutive serial number should be unique for a financial year.
suppose 2019-2020 last invoice number 330,i have started from invoice 351 with new book from aprial 1st 2020 onwords is it ok?
Yes it is fine you just cannot use the old series number
The rule implies that with the start of new financial year, a new invoice series, unique for the financial year is to be started by the GST taxpayers
1.can we start invoice number 1 for every year
2.local sales below 10 km is it required e waybill if invoice amount above 50000 rupees?
1. Yes you can start invoice number 1 for every year
2. Yes since the value of goods is more than 50000 rupees E-Way Bill is required
Not ok…because should not skip invoices, if skipped like this 331-350 should be write as cancelled and keep it original with you and do not use further.
Agreed, but didn’t get you what is not ok
My turnover is 23lac is it mandatory to maintain invoice in serial number?
I use to put ecom order id as invoice number and all number are different but not in any kind of serial. Am I doing write or it is wrong way?
Dear Sir, If you are registered taxpayer under GST you shall issue invoice in consecutive order only. Since in annual return also for each miss in series is required to be disclosed. Hence it is suggested to issue invoice in series only in case you are registered
I have asked you about invoice serial numbers yesterday.
Is it mandatory to fall all invoice numbers in serial? We deals with flipkart and whatever order id they provide us we use them as invoice number they all are unique but not in sequence. Can you please answer this query?
Yes in case you are registered under GST you have to issue invoices in series and in case any invoice number is missed in a series same is required to be disclosed in your annual return
Invoice no is serially maintain as per “Under GST Rule No 1 of Tax Invoices, Credit and Debit Notes”
Dear Sir, Could not understand your concern
We have issued invoice serial number from 250-267 consecutively , but by mistake in writing, we have to cancel invoice number 268 in bill book and cross that invoice. We issued next invoice with number 269 . How to deal with it?
In Documents issued table, you can show it as cancelled invoice
Can I start a series from a random invoice no? like 333? and from there on incrementing it like 334, 335 and so on?
Yes, you can
I have issue invoice no. 1 date 1.4.2021 & invoice no. 2 date is 2.5.2021
And invoice no. 3 date is 28.04.2021 it is problem?
As per the GST invoice rules, rule 46 of the Central Goods and Service Tax Rules, 2017, the tax invoice must contain the following particulars –
1. Serial Number – The tax invoice should be numbered consecutively.
So, if you are not issuing invoice number on consecutive basis than you are not adhering to the conditions of Rule 46.
I am running a repair and maintenance company, I do not have much knowledge about GST, the sales bill series that I gave last fy 2020-21 were given same in this fy 21-22 also.can i have any problem in future.or is there any solution about this
Hello! We generate payment IDs internationally, so the consecutive part doesn’t apply only to India, but they are incremental and always unique. Would this format be accepted?
Invoice #1: 18762885
Invoice #2: 18763023
Invoice #3: 18763148
Invoice #4: 18763223
As per rule 46 of the Central Goods and Service Tax Rules, 2017, the length of the GST invoice number should not exceed 16 characters, also the said invoice is required to be issued in a consecutive serial number.
We have raised invoices with Serial number as 21-22 upto Feb 2022. However for the services provided in march 2022, we need to bill in April 2022. Do we need to continue with serial number 21-22 or reset it to 22-23, (as financial year changed)
Invoice in FY 22-23 is suggested to be in new series. However it is not mandatory to change series till the time invoice number is not repeated